Cleveland Mainline Railroads (Images of Rail)
In the 1800s, railroad development was instrumental in enablingCleveland to become an industrial center. By 1920, Cleveland wasthe nation's fifth-largest city, with an economy dependent on theiron and steel, petroleum-refining, automotive, and chemicalindustries. It was second only to Detroit among American cities inthe percentage of the population employed by industry. Railroadsbrought raw materials needed for manufacturing and carried thefinished products to markets everywhere. The mainline railroadsserving Cleveland included the Baltimore & Ohio, the Erie, theNew York Central, the Nickel Plate Road, the Pennsylvania, and theWheeling & Lake Erie. Images of Rail: Cleveland MainlineRailroads describes how these six railroads developed and whatfreight and passenger markets they served through the 1960s, aperiod during which railroads were the primary carriers of goodsand passengers to Cleveland. Industry changed following World WarII, leading to the consolidation and abandonment of railroad routesin northeast Ohio.Craig Sanders is the president of the Akron Railroad Club andhas published five railroad history books. A resident of UniversityHeights, Sanders teaches journalism and public relations atCleveland State University. Most of the more than 200 images inthis book are from the special collections of the Cleveland StateUniversity Library.