German and United States Second World War Military Cemeteries in Italy: Cultural Perspectives (Transatlantic Aesthetics and Culture Book 8)
Foreword by Richard IngersollStyles of soldiers’ commemoration reveal national self-images.US WW II military cemeteries in Italy and their German counterpartsare analyzed as art-historical artifacts.Their aesthetics, together with results of archival research,reveal a self-assured US united in values, projecting victory andPax-Americana while a struggling Germany searches for itsdemocratic identity and a place within the community of civilizednations. In Italy, the US relied on imported European classicism astaught at the influential American Academy in Rome and interpretedthrough the personalities of the cemeteries’ designers. Germany’sdesigns, rejecting Nazi classicism, progressed through an inheritedunique blend of medievalism with modernism toward a contemporarystyle that integrates modernism and expressionism.The US honors soldiers’ death as worthy sacrifice for thenation’s greatness and the world’s future. Germany focuses onmourning and interprets soldiers’ death as tragedy whose onlymeaning can be an admonition to seek peace.