Islamic Militant Activism in Belgium, The Netherlands and Germany: "Islands in a Sea of Disbelief"
Based on ethnographic research in Belgium, The Netherlands, andGermany, this book presents a novel approach to studying Muslimmilitant activism. While much existing research focuses on theprocess of radicalization, these authors introduce a different setof questions that investigate specific modes of activism, and theirengagement with dominant discourses and practices in media andstate policies. Drawing on social movement theory and Foucault’swork on counter-conduct, this research explores how daʿwa networkscame about, and how activists developed themselves in interactionwith state and media practices. This perspective highlights a formof activism and resistance in which activists turn against policiesand debates centring on Muslims and Islam, while attempting tocreate and protect an alternative space for themselves in whichthey can experience Islam according to their own perception ofit.The study will contribute to debates about resistance, socialmovements and militant activism among Muslims in Europe.