The Brus Family in England and Scotland, 1100-1295

October 31, 2020
The Brus Family in England and Scotland, 1100-1295

Robert de Brus, the "conquisitor of Cleveland, Hartnessand Annandale", who came into England among the followers of HenryI, was also a close companion and mentor of David I, king of Scots.The lands he acquired from both kings were divided between hissons, from whom two lines descended: the lords of Skelton,influential Northerners who played an active part during thebaronial troubles in the reigns of John and Henry III, and theprominent cross-Border lords of Annandale, co-heirs of thesubstantial Chester and Huntingdon estates and progenitors of KingRobert Bruce.This study takes a fresh approach to the Brus family by assessingthe achievements of the two lines in parallel while examining theextent of their power and the development of their lordships; ithighlights the inter-relations between the barons of England andScotland during two hundred years of comparative peace between thekingdoms. Of additional interest is the appendix of an extensivehandlist of charters of the Brus family of both lines. It will be awelcome addition to the existing body of works on English baronialfamilies and on Anglo-Scottish cross-Border lords of the twelfthand thirteenth centuries.