Biology of Macrofungi (Fungal Biology)
Mushrooms are fleshy fungi with a high prospective for theproduction of secondary metabolites including extracellular enzymeswith high agricultural and biotechnological significance.Worldwide, they are well recognized as supplementary foods due totheir high nutritional values and their medicinal importance, whichincludes their uses in exhibiting antioxidant and antimicrobialactivities, immune enhancer, and to be effective for the treatmentof several diseases including diabetes and few types of cancers aswell. According to recent studies, extracellular enzymesproduced by several white-rot fungal strains suchas Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Pleurotussajor-caju and several mushrooms have shown a highcapacity to decolorize dyes that are very harmful for theenvironment. Moreover, wild macrofungi have the capability tosynthesize nanoparticles which are more useful for the treatment ofcancer, gene therapy, DNA analysis and biosensors. Wild macrofungiare extremely important model for basic biology and commercialmanufacture.