Encyclopedia of Antislavery and Abolition: Greenwood Milestones in African American History, Volumes 1-2

October 30, 2020
Encyclopedia of Antislavery and Abolition: Greenwood Milestones in African American History, Volumes 1-2

The emergence of a sophisticated antislavery ideology andthe rise of organized opposition to slavery in the Atlantic Worldin the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries represented nothing lessthan one of the great intellectual and social revolutions in thehistory of the world.The emergence of a sophisticated antislavery ideology and therise of organized opposition to slavery in the Atlantic World inthe eighteenth and nineteenth centuries represented nothing lessthan one of the great intellectual and social revolutions in thehistory of the world. An institution which by the early eighteenthcentury was near axiomatically accepted as necessary, useful, andthoroughly in accord with Judaeo-Christian tenets and virtues andwhich profoundly informed the lives of millions of people had bythe mid-nineteenth century come increasingly to be viewed as thechief vector of evil and the Devil in the world, the veryquintessence of evil as some called it, and the chief repository ofall that was socially, politically, and especially economicallyarchaic and stagnant. This encyclopedia is organized around threeprincipal concerns: the illustration and explication of the variousforms of antislavery and its emergence as an organized movement;the immediate precipitants of abolition and the processes of itspassage; and the enactment of emancipation and its consequences.While the earliest expressions of antislavery may have onlycomprised one or a few isolated voices, the antislavery mostcommonly reviewed here is that animated by a systematic and ardentopposition to slavery and intended to mobilize large numbers ofpeople to attack and end the institution. A wide variety of peopleand organizations nurtured and extended this antislavery: religiousfigures, political economists, slaves, sailors, artisans,missionaries, planters, captains of slave ships, democraticenthusiasts, and others were all involved along with the variousorganizations-secular, religious, or otherwise-with which they wereassociated. Antislavery was by no means exclusively or evenprincipally the work of an intellectual elite and the force of all,from the lowly and unlearned to the privileged and prominent, isrepresented. The presence of slavery continued to be attacked inthe contracting Ottoman Empire in the early twentieth century, inLiberia in the 1930s, in Saudi Arabia in the mid-twentieth century,and even in the latter years of the century in countries likeSudan, Pakistan, India, and others in Southeast Asia.The entries have a worldwide focus, covering antislaverymovements and important developments in slavery abolition and slaveemancipation in many places around the globe. Other entries coverindividuals, groups, events, documents, and organizations relatedto the history of abolition and emancipation over the last twocenturies. Coverage also address a wide range of topics, issues,and ideas related to the broad topic of ending historical systemsof slavery and human bondage.Besides over 400 cross-referenced entries, most of whichconclude with lists of additional readings, the encyclopedia alsoincludes an Introduction tracing the history of abolition andemancipation, a selected general bibliography, a guide to relatedtopics, numerous illustrations, and a detailed subject index.https://products.abc-clio.com/abc-cliocorporate/product.aspx?pc=B3064C