Peasants, Citizens and Soldiers: Studies in the Demographic History of Roman Italy 225 BC–AD 100
Recent years have witnessed an intense debate concerning thesize of the population of Roman Italy. This book argues that thecombined literary, epigraphic and archaeological evidence supportsthe theory that early-imperial Italy had about six millioninhabitants. At the same time the traditional view that the lastcentury of the Republic witnessed a decline in the free Italianpopulation is shown to be untenable. The main foci of its sixchapters are: military participation rates; demographic recoveryafter the Second Punic War; the spread of slavery and thebackground to the Gracchan land reforms; the fast expansion ofItalian towns after the Social War; emigration from Italy; and thefate of the Italian population during the first 150 years of thePrincipate.