Sanitation, Latrines and Intestinal Parasites in Past Populations
Sanitation and intestinal health is something we often take forgranted today. However, people living in many regions of thedeveloping world still suffer with debilitating diseases due to thelack of sanitation. Despite its clear impact upon health in moderntimes, sanitation in past populations is a topic that has receivedsurprisingly little attention. This book brings together keyexperts from around the world to explore fascinating aspects oflife in the past relevant to sanitation, and how that affected ourancestors. By its end readers will realize that toilets were in usein ancient Mesopotamia even before the invention of writing, andthat flushing toilets with anatomic seats were a technology ofancient Greece at the time of the minotaur myth. They will see howsanitation compared in ancient Rome and medieval London, and willtake a virtual walk around the sanitation of York at the time ofthe Vikings. Readers will also understand which intestinalparasites infected humans in different regions of the world overdifferent time periods, what these parasites tell us about earlyhuman evolution, later population migrations, past diet, lifestyle,and the effects of sanitation technology. There is good evidencethat over the millennia people in the past realized that sanitationmattered. They invented toilets, cleaner water supplies, drains,waste disposal and sanitation legislation. While past views onsanitation were very different to those of today, it is clear thanmany past societies took sanitation much more seriously than waspreviously thought.