England, France and Aquitaine: From Victory to Defeat in the Hundred Years War

October 30, 2020
England, France and Aquitaine: From Victory to Defeat in the Hundred Years War

This is a narrative history of England and France during theHundred Years War, from the triumphs of Henry V to the defeat ofthe English and loss of Gascony and Bordeaux - a huge blow toEnglish prestige and economic interest. This is a military historywith technical detail, linked to high politics, courtly intrigue,dynastic ambition, economic interest (wine trade and Bordeaux). Thestory revolves around the death of two Kings, Henry V of England,soon after his military triumphs, and Charles VI of France, in1422. Both had historic claims to the 'French fiefs'. Henry wassucceeded by Richard II, and Charles was succeeded by Charles VII.The contrast could hardly have been greater between Richard, adiffident, scholarly and religious figure, in an age when kingswere expected to be aggressive leaders and military commanders; andCharles - an able politician, soldier and, in modern parlance, a'hard man', who embodied the 15th century concept of kingship.Intermittent but constant warfare continued until English defeat in1476 and the loss of Gascony and Bordeaux, and the Peace ofPicquigny brought to an end a decisive episode in the Hundred YearsWar, foreshadowing England's future total withdrawal fromFrance.